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amlodipine tablet uses in tamil - PUBLISHED

Amlodipine is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs known as calcium channel blockers. It is commonly used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and certain types of chest pain (angina). Amlodipine works by relaxing and widening the blood vessels, making it easier for the heart to pump blood and reducing the workload on the heart.

Amlodipine is available in tablet form and is typically taken once a day. The dosage may vary depending on the individual and the condition being treated. It is important to follow your doctor's instructions regarding the dosage and duration of treatment.

Some common side effects of amlodipine may include dizziness, flushing, swelling of the ankles or feet, headache, and stomach pain. It is important to inform your doctor if you experience any severe or persistent side effects.

As with any medication, there may be certain precautions and contraindications associated with amlodipine. It is important to inform your doctor about any other medications you are taking, as well as any medical conditions you have, before starting amlodipine. Your doctor will be able to determine if amlodipine is the right medication for you and provide appropriate guidance.

Please note that this information is not a substitute for medical advice. It is always best to consult with a healthcare professional or pharmacist for specific information about your medication.

Chemical composition of amlodipine tablet

The chemical composition of amlodipine tablet refers to the active ingredient and other ingredients present in the tablet formulation.

The active ingredient in amlodipine tablets is amlodipine besylate. Amlodipine besylate is a white crystalline powder that is soluble in water.

In addition to the active ingredient, amlodipine tablets may contain other inactive ingredients such as:

Microcrystalline cellulose: It is a commonly used excipient in pharmaceutical tablets, which helps in binding the tablet ingredients together.

Calcium hydrogen phosphate: This ingredient is used as a filler or diluent in tablet formulations.

Sodium starch glycolate: It is a superdisintegrant that helps the tablet to disintegrate rapidly in the gastrointestinal tract.

Magnesium stearate: This ingredient is used as a lubricant to prevent sticking of the tablet contents to the manufacturing equipment.

Hypromellose: It is a cellulose derivative used as a coating agent to provide a protective barrier around the tablet.

Titanium dioxide: It is a white pigment used for coloring the tablet.

These are some of the common inactive ingredients found in amlodipine tablets, but the specific composition may vary depending on the manufacturer and formulation. It is always advisable to refer to the package insert or consult a pharmacist for the complete list of ingredients in a specific brand or formulation of amlodipine tablet.

Uses of amlodipine tablet

Amlodipine tablets are primarily used for the treatment of the following conditions:

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): Amlodipine is commonly prescribed as a first-line treatment for hypertension. It helps to relax and widen the blood vessels, reducing blood pressure and making it easier for the heart to pump blood.

Angina: Amlodipine is also used to treat certain types of chest pain known as stable angina or chronic stable angina. By dilating the blood vessels, it improves blood flow to the heart, reducing the frequency and severity of angina episodes.

Coronary Artery Disease: Amlodipine can be prescribed to manage coronary artery disease, a condition where the blood vessels that supply the heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients become narrowed or blocked. It helps to improve blood flow to the heart, relieving symptoms and reducing the risk of complications.

Raynaud's Phenomenon: Amlodipine may be prescribed for individuals with Raynaud's phenomenon, a condition where the small blood vessels in the fingers and toes spasm and constrict, leading to episodes of color changes and discomfort. Amlodipine helps to relax the blood vessels and improve blood circulation, alleviating symptoms.

It is important to note that amlodipine tablets should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional. The dosage and duration of treatment will depend on the individual's condition and medical history. Other uses of amlodipine may be determined by your doctor based on their clinical judgment.

Side effects of amlodipine tablet

Amlodipine, like any medication, can cause side effects. Not everyone experiences these side effects, and their severity can vary from person to person. Common side effects of amlodipine tablet include:

Swelling: Amlodipine can cause swelling in the ankles, feet, or hands. This side effect occurs due to the medication's vasodilatory effects.

Flushing: Some individuals may experience flushing or a warm sensation in the skin, especially in the face and neck.

Dizziness or lightheadedness: Amlodipine can cause a temporary drop in blood pressure, leading to feelings of dizziness or lightheadedness, particularly when standing up quickly.

Headache: Headaches are a common side effect of amlodipine. In most cases, they are mild and temporary.

Fatigue: Amlodipine may cause fatigue or tiredness. It is important to rest and avoid activities that require alertness until you know how the medication affects you.

Nausea: Some individuals may experience nausea or an upset stomach after taking amlodipine.

Fluctuations in heart rate: Amlodipine can occasionally cause changes in heart rate, such as a slightly faster or slower pulse. These changes are generally not clinically significant.

Muscle cramps: In rare cases, amlodipine may cause muscle cramps or muscle weakness.

It's important to note that these are not the only possible side effects of amlodipine. If you experience any severe or persistent side effects, or if you have concerns about the side effects you are experiencing, it is crucial to consult your healthcare provider. They can provide guidance and determine the best course of action for you.

Who are not eligible to use amlodipine tablet

While amlodipine tablet is generally safe and well-tolerated by most individuals, there are certain situations where its use may not be recommended or may require close monitoring. Individuals who fall into the following categories may not be eligible to use amlodipine or may require adjustments in dosage or additional precautions:

Allergy: If you have a known allergy or hypersensitivity to amlodipine or any other ingredients in the tablet, it is important to avoid its use.

Low blood pressure: Amlodipine can lower blood pressure, and if you already have low blood pressure (hypotension), its use may further decrease your blood pressure to an unsafe level.

Severe heart conditions: Individuals with severe heart conditions, such as unstable angina, cardiogenic shock, or recent heart attack, may require alternative treatments or careful monitoring when using amlodipine.

Liver disease: Amlodipine is primarily metabolized by the liver, so individuals with severe liver impairment may require dose adjustments or alternative treatments.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Amlodipine use during pregnancy or while breastfeeding may not be recommended, as there is limited information on its safety in these situations. It is important to consult with a healthcare provider for guidance in such cases.

Drug interactions: Amlodipine may interact with certain medications, including other blood pressure-lowering drugs, certain antibiotics, antifungals, and grapefruit juice. Inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are taking to avoid potential interactions.

Other medical conditions: Individuals with certain medical conditions such as heart failure, aortic stenosis (narrowing of the aortic valve), or certain types of heart rhythm disorders may require caution or close monitoring when using amlodipine.

It is essential to discuss your medical history, including any existing health conditions and medications you are taking, with your healthcare provider before starting amlodipine or any new medication. They can evaluate your individual situation and determine if amlodipine is suitable for you or recommend alternative treatments if necessary.

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